|Current: 29th Supreme Court|
|Membership||3 Standing Justices,|
1 Alternate Justice
The Supreme Court is the judicial branch of The Leftist Assembly. It consists of three Standing Justices and one Alternate Justice appointed by the Secretary and then approved by citizens in individual confidence votes.
Each Justice's term lasts for approximately three months from the date of their confirmation until the date of the next Secretary's Supreme Court appointment confirmations.
This body is responsible for issuing legal rulings as the highest authority on the interpretation of all regional law and handing down a verdict on each trial upon the conclusion of a fair and public hearing as per the Judicial Process Act. It internally elects one of its Standing Justices as the Chief Justice to organise the branch.
History[edit | edit source]
Tiered Justices[edit | edit source]
The Legal Standard Act, introduced by the 5th General Assembly and passed on 21 May 2017, abolished the tiered positions of Chief, First, and Second Justice. In their place, each was renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all matters of the Ministry of Law.
Constitution Amendment (Chief Justice), which passed on 26 September 2020, reinstated the tiered Justice system in a slightly different format, with one Chief Justice to be elected internally by the three existing Justices. Constitution Amendment (Alternate Justice), which passed on 10 October 2020, then instituted an 'alternate' for any of the main three Justices in the event of an absence or conflict of interest. Further clarification of judicial responsibilities and procedures were instituted in the Judicial Process legislative package, introduced by the 19th General Assembly and passed in October 2020, providing the collective title of Standing Justices to the three main voting Justices.
Independent judiciary[edit | edit source]
The Judicial Separation Act, passed by the 7th General Assembly on 6 November 2017, created an independent Supreme Court apart from the General Assembly. Previously, the three Justices had been voting members of the legislature. The changes were implemented following the December 2017 general election, with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also saw the official adoption of the Supreme Court as the judiciary's title.
Civil and criminal law[edit | edit source]
The Civil Cases legislative package, introduced by the 14th General Assembly and passed in August 2019, created a legal distinction between civil lawsuits for non-criminal matters and criminal cases for criminal matters. These changes were eventually abandoned with the aforementioned Judicial Process legislative package, which returned to a simplified system of trials for any violations of the law.
Terms[edit | edit source]
Elected Justices[edit | edit source]
|1st||New Prague||March 2016|
|5th||New Lonopolian Empire||March 2017|
Appointed Justices[edit | edit source]