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República Federal Socialista Asturllionesa
Motto: Paz y Trabayu (Peace and Work)
Anthem: La Flor del Agua (The water flower)
and largest city
|Official languages||Asturllionese and Castilian|
|Government||Worker's Councils Republic, non-partisan democracy|
• Republic of Workers and Peasants of Asturias
|5 October 1934|
• Sovereign Council of Asturias and León
|24 August 1937|
• Asturllionese People's Republic
|2 March 1947|
• Asturllionese Federal Socialist Republic
|97,935.5 km2 (37,813.1 sq mi)|
Asturies-Llión, officially the Asturllionese Federal Socialist Republic (República Federal Socialista Asturllionesa) is a country located in the Iberian Peninsula, in southwestern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Cantabrian Sea (Atlantic Ocean), to the west by Portugal, and to the north-west, east and south by Spain. It is a member of The Leftist Assembly.
Etymology[edit | edit source]
Asturies-Llión is used as an oversimplification of the name of the country, due to its recent formation. The official name is Asturllionese Federal Socialist Republic, in which "Asturllionese" comes from the Asturllionese language. Asturllionese and Asturies-Llión are the result of the conjunction of two names of different territories: Asturies and Llión.
Asturies[edit | edit source]
The term Asturies receives the name of its ancient settlers, the Astures, primitive inhabitants of the banks of the Astura River (Esla). The name of Astures encompassed not only those of the Meseta (cismontanos), but also those to the north of the cantabric mountains (transmontanos).
Astura must have taken the root of Celtic; stour, which means "river." This toponym appears in Brittany, where Pliny speaks of the river "Stur"; today there are three Stour rivers in Kent, Suffolk and Dorset. At the mouth of the Elbe there is another river Stör, formerly called "Sturia". Also, in Piedmont the Celtic tribe of the Esturi and a river Stura were located. The same root persists even today in Gaelic and Breton in the words ster and stour, meaning "river."
Llión[edit | edit source]
The origin of the name of this comes from the Latin word legio, which refers to the legion that founded the city in its current location. This thesis, commonly accepted, is reinforced with the still valid name "legionense" to refer to the inhabitants of the city. The evolution from Legio to Llión is easily explained, because in classical Latin, the gi is pronounced as if it were a gui, so the pronunciation of Legio would be Leguio, something that ended up leading to Leio or Leionem, which in turn ended in the current name of Llión.
Llión is the name of the city, but its name was extended to the Llionese Region after the medieval Kingdom of León.
History[edit | edit source]
Politics[edit | edit source]
Geography[edit | edit source]
Territorial Organization[edit | edit source]
The Asturllionese FSR is divided in 4 socialist republics and an autonomous province. Republics and the Autonomous Province are divided in provinces, of which there are 12. At the same time, provinces are divided in comarcas (which can vary in name), and those in municipalities. Municipalities can be divided in even smaller units, whose name and role depends on the distribution of population and traditional uses.
Republics and Autonomous Provinces[edit | edit source]
The four republics are Asturies, Cantabria, Llión and Estremaúra. The only autonomous province is the Pisuerga Sources Autonomous Province (Fuentes del Pisuerga). The difference between a republic and an autonomous province is the level of importance and its attributions, the autonomous province of the Pisuerga Sources depends in many aspects on Cantabria and Llión. The reason of this difference is the need of a certain level of autonomy for the province, since it is the only area in which castilian (spanish) is official, but its small size and low population is not enough for being a full republic. The next administrative level is the province, which is contained in the republic. However, in some cases the republic only has one province, like Asturies, Cantabria and, obviously, the Pisuerga Sources, where the exclusive provincial administration is not needed.
Provinces and Comarcas[edit | edit source]
As stated before, provinces are the second level administrative divisions. In cases like Asturies, Cantabria and the Pisuerga Sources provinces exist, but their administration is blended with the first level one. The list of the provinces is the following:
Comarcas are the next level, and the core of the country's organization. Comarcas are contained in their respective provinces, but they are more important in day-to-day politics, with direct representation in the Federal Assembly (the whole country's legislature) and in many other administrative bodies and agencies. There is only a cases of a coincidental province and comarca, this being El Bierzu.
Municipalities and lower divisions[edit | edit source]
As the whole national system relies on delegative democracy, neighbourhood councils are important, and in order to reach them in many cases lower divisions than the municipality are needed. These divisions depend on the distribution of population in the municipalities, varying from neighbourhoods in cities to direct administration of the municipality, passing through parish-like divisions.
Flora and Fauna[edit | edit source]
Economy[edit | edit source]
Culture[edit | edit source]
World Heritage Sites[edit | edit source]
Asturies-Llión has 10 World Heritage Sites. These include the paleolithic cave art of the northern Iberian Peninsula, which is shared with Spain, the Prehistoric Rock Art Sites of the Côa Valley and Siega Verde, which is shared with Portugal and Primeval Beech Forests, shared with other countries of Europe. In addition, Asturies-Llión has also 2 Intangible cultural heritage, or "Human treasures". There are also 7 candidates.
|Name||Image||Location||Republic or Autonomous Province||UNESCO data||Period||Description|
|Cave of Altamira and Paleolithic Cave Art of the Northern Iberian Peninsula||—||Cantabria, Asturies (shared with Spain)||310; 1985, 2008 (extended); i, iii||Upper Paleolithic||The Cave of Altamira contains examples of cave painting from the Upper Paleolithic period, ranging from 35,000 to 11,000 BC. The original listing contained seventeen decorated caves. The caves are well-preserved because of their deep isolation from the external climate.|
|Monuments of Oviedo and the Kingdom of Asturies||Uviéu||Asturies||312; 1985, 1998 (extended); i, ii, iv||9th century||The Kingdom of Asturies remained the only Christian region of the Iberian Peninsula in the 9th century. It developed its own style of Pre-Romanesque art and architecture that is displayed in various churches and other monuments. The original entry titled "Churches of the Kingdom of the Asturias" and was extended to include other monuments such as La Foncalada (a fountain).|
|Old City of Salamanca||Salamanca||Llión||381; 1988; i, ii, iv||13th to 16th centuries||Salamanca is important as a university city, as the University of Salamanca, founded in 1218, is the oldest in Asturies-Llión and among the oldest in Europe. The city was first conquered by the Carthaginians in the 3rd century, and later ruled by the Romans and Moors. The city centre represents Romanesque, Gothic, Moorish, Renaissance, and Baroque architecture.|
|Old Town of Caçris||Caçris||Estremaúra||384; 1986; iii, iv||3rd to 15th centuries||The old town combines Roman, Islamic, Northern Gothic, and Italian Renaissance architectural influences, including more than 30 Islamic towers.|
|Archaeological Ensemble of Méria||Méria||Estremaúra||664; 1993; iii, iv||1st to 5th centuries||Méria was founded in 25 BC by the Romans as Emerita Augusta and was the capital of the Lusitania province. Remains from the Roman era include a bridge, aqueduct, amphitheatre, theatre, circus, and forum.|
|Royal Monastery of Santa María de Guadalupi||Guadalupi||Estremaúra||665; 1993; iv, vi||13th to 16th centuries||The monastery is home of Our Lady of Guadalupi, a shrine to the Virgin Mary found in the 13th century after being buried from Muslim invaders in 714. The Virgin of Guadalupi and the monastery served as important symbols during the Reconquista, culminating in 1492, the same year as Christopher Columbus' discovery of America. The Guadalupi Virgin became an important symbol during the evangelization of America.|
|Route of Santiago de Compostela||—||Llión, Asturies, Cantabria and Pisuerga Sources (shared with Spain)||669; 1993; ii, iv, vi||N/A||The Route, or the Way of St. James, is a pilgrimage from the French-Spanish border to the Cathedral of Santiago de Compostela passing through Asturies-Llión, where the apostle James is believed to be buried.|
|Los Migollos||Ponferrada||Llión||803; 1997; i, ii, iii, iv||1st to 3rd centuries||The Romans established a gold mine and worked the site for two centuries. They used an early form of hydraulic mining and cut aqueducts in the rock cliffs to provide water for the operations. The Romans left in the early 3rd century, leaving sheer cliff faces and mining infrastructure that is intact today.|
|Prehistoric Rock-Art Sites in the Côa Valley and Siega Verde||—||Llión (shared with Portugal)||866; 1998, 2010 (extended); i, iii||Paleolithic||The original 1998 listing contained examples of Upper Paleolithic rock art in the Côa Valley of Portugal. In 2010 it was extended to include 645 engravings in the archaeological zone of Siega Verde in Asturies-Llión. The two sites represent the most well-preserved collection of open-air Paleolithic art in the Iberian peninsula.|
|Ancient and Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians and Other Regions of Europe||Llión (shared with 12 other countries in Europe)||1133; 2017; ix||N/A||Primeval Beech Forests of the Carpathians are used to study the spread of the beech tree (Fagus sylvatica) in the Northern Hemisphere across a variety of environments and the environment in the forest. The addition of the Ancient Beech Forests of Germany in 2011 included five forests totaling 4,391 hectares (10,850 acres) that are added to the 29,278 hectares (72,350 acres) of Slovakian and Ukrainian beech forests inscribed on the World Heritage List in 2007. The site was further expanded in 2017 to include forests in 10 additional European countries.|