Difference between revisions of "Supreme Court"

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| title = The Supreme Court of<br>The Leftist Assembly
| image1 = [[File:Rosy Red.png|200px]]
| subheader = Current: [[21st Supreme Court|21st Supreme Court]]
|-
| headerstyle = background:#ffcc00;
| header1 = Overview
| label2 = Branch | data2 = Judicial
| label3 = Leader | data3 = ''none''Chief Justice
| label4 = Membership | data4 = 3 Standing Justices,<br>1 Alternate Justice
}}
 
The '''Supreme Court''' is the judicial branch of [[The Leftist Assembly]]. It consists of three Standing Justices and one Alternate Justice appointed by the Secretary and then approved by citizens in individual confidence votes.
 
Each Justice's term lasts for approximately three months from the date of their confirmation until the date of the next Secretary's Supreme Court appointment confirmations.
 
This body handlesis legalresponsible disputesfor betweenissuing citizens,legal hostsrulings courtas casesthe tohighest settle criminal charges, votesauthority on said criminal charges upon the conclusioninterpretation of aall fairregional law and publichanding hearing,down anda isverdict theon highesteach authoritytrial onupon the interpretationconclusion of alla regionalfair lawand aspublic per thehearing. [https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=613587#CPAJPA CourtJudicial ProcedureProcess Act]. It internally elects one of its Standing Justices as the Chief Justice to organise the branch.
 
==History==
===Tiered Justices===
The Legal Standard Act, was proposed by Llorens in the [[5th General Assembly]] andwhich passed by referendum, 18-3, on 21 May 2017., Asabolished perthe its changes, thetiered positions of Chief Justice, First Justice, and Second Justice, held at the time by. NewIn Lonopoliantheir Empireplace, Rathfarnhameach and Llorens respectively, were eachwas renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all legal proceedingsmatters of the Ministry of Law.
 
Constitution Amendment (Chief Justice), which passed on 26 September 2020, reinstated the tiered Justice system in a slightly different format, with one Chief Justice to be elected internally by the three existing Justices. Constitution Amendment (Alternate Justice), which passed on 10 October 2020, then instituted an 'alternate' for any of the main three Justices in the event of an absence or conflict of interest. Further changes were instituted in the Judicial Process legislative package, which passed in October 2020, providing the collective title of Standing Justices to the three main voting Justices.
 
===Independent judiciary===
The Judicial Separation Act, waswhich proposedpassed byon Llorens6 inNovember 2017, created an independent Supreme Court apart from the [[7th General Assembly]]. and passed by referendumPreviously, 19-1,the onthree 6Justices Novemberhad 2017.been Asvoting permembers its changes,of the legislature. andThe judiciarychanges were completely separatedimplemented following the [[December 2017 general election]], with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also officially namedsaw the judiciaryofficial asadoption of the Supreme Court as the judiciary's title.
 
===Civil and criminal law===
The Civil Cases legislative package, waswhich proposed by Dawtaniapassed in the [[14th General Assembly]], with a referendum passing 37-15 on 10 August 2019, andcreated onea subsequentlegal statutedistinction lawbetween amendmentcivil passedlawsuits byfor the General Assembly, 3non-2.criminal As per its changes, civil lawsuitsmatters and criminal cases werefor officiallycriminal separated,matters. distinguishedThese bychanges thewere dealingeventually abandoned with non-criminalthe andJudicial criminalProcess lawslegislative respectivelypackage, aswhich wellpassed asin theOctober title2020, ofwhich thereturned accusatoryto partya beingsimplified changedsystem fromof prosecutortrials tofor plaintiffany forviolations civilof lawsuitsthe law.
 
==Terms==
{{main|List of officeholders}}
 
===Elected===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:2540%; text-align:center"
! style="width:20%" | Term
! style="width:40%" | Chief Justice
! Election
! style="width:40%" | Election
|-
| [[1st Supreme Court|1st]]
| rowspan=2 | [[New Prague Workers Republic|New Prague]]
| [[March 2016 general election|March 2016]]
|-
|-
| [[3rd Supreme Court|3rd]]
| [[Llorens]]
| [[September 2016 general election|September 2016]]
|-
| [[4th Supreme Court|4th]]
| [[Auven]]
| [[December 2016 general election|December 2016]]
|-
| [[5th Supreme Court|5th]]
| [[New Lonopolian Empire]]
| [[March 2017 general election|March 2017]]
|-
| [[6th Supreme Court|6th]]
| rowspan=2 | ''None''
| [[June 2017 general election|June 2017]]
|-
 
===Appointed===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:2540%; text-align:center"
! style="width:20%" | Term
! style="width:40%" | Chief Justice
! style="width:40%" | Appointed by
|-
| [[8th Supreme Court|8th]]
| rowspan=11 | ''None''
| [[South Miruva]]
|-
| [[9th Supreme Court|9th]]
| [[Cedoria]]
|-
| [[10th Supreme Court|10th]]
| rowspan=2 | [[Kavagrad]]
|-
| [[11th Supreme Court|11th]]
| Kavagrad
|-
| [[12th Supreme Court|12th]]
| [[New Arkados]]
|-
| [[13th Supreme Court|13th]]
| rowspan=2 | [[The Final Horseman]]
|-
| [[14th Supreme Court|14th]]
| The Final Horseman
|-
| [[15th Supreme Court|15th]]
| [[Argentigrad]]
|-
| [[16th Supreme Court|16th]]
| rowspan=2 | [[Llorens]]
|-
| [[17th Supreme Court|17th]]
| Llorens
|-
| [[18th Supreme Court|18th]]
| [[Greylyn]]
|-
| [[19th Supreme Court|19th]]
| [[Illyrian States]]
| Kavagrad
| [[Kavagrad]]
|-
| [[20th Supreme Court|20th]]
| [[Nangka]]
| rowspan=2 | [[Dyl]]
|-
| [[21st Supreme Court|21st]]
| [[Sincadenas]]
|-
| [[22nd Supreme Court|22nd]]
| [[New Arkados]]
| [[New Samon]]
|}
 
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