Difference between revisions of "Supreme Court"

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| title = The Supreme Court of<br>The Leftist Assembly
 
| title = The Supreme Court of<br>The Leftist Assembly
 
| image1 = [[File:Rosy Red.png|200px]]
 
| image1 = [[File:Rosy Red.png|200px]]
  +
| subheader = Current: [[21st Supreme Court|21st Supreme Court]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| headerstyle = background:#ffcc00;
 
| headerstyle = background:#ffcc00;
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| header1 = Overview
 
| header1 = Overview
 
| label2 = Branch | data2 = Judicial
 
| label2 = Branch | data2 = Judicial
| label3 = Leader | data3 = ''none''
+
| label3 = Leader | data3 = Chief Justice
| label4 = Membership | data4 = 3 Justices
+
| label4 = Membership | data4 = 3 Standing Justices,<br>1 Alternate Justice
 
}}
 
}}
   
The '''Supreme Court''' is the judicial branch of [[The Leftist Assembly]]. It consists of three Justices appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes.
+
The '''Supreme Court''' is the judicial branch of [[The Leftist Assembly]]. It consists of three Standing Justices and one Alternate Justice appointed by the Secretary and then approved by citizens in individual confidence votes.
   
 
Each Justice's term lasts for approximately three months from the date of their confirmation until the date of the next Secretary's Supreme Court appointment confirmations.
 
Each Justice's term lasts for approximately three months from the date of their confirmation until the date of the next Secretary's Supreme Court appointment confirmations.
   
This body handles legal disputes between citizens, hosts court cases to settle criminal charges, votes on said criminal charges upon the conclusion of a fair and public hearing, and is the highest authority on the interpretation of all regional law as per the [https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=613587#CPA Court Procedure Act].
+
This body is responsible for issuing legal rulings as the highest authority on the interpretation of all regional law and handing down a verdict on each trial upon the conclusion of a fair and public hearing. [https://www.nationstates.net/page=dispatch/id=613587#JPA Judicial Process Act]. It internally elects one of its Standing Justices as the Chief Justice to organise the branch.
   
 
==History==
 
==History==
 
===Tiered Justices===
 
===Tiered Justices===
The Legal Standard Act was proposed by Llorens in the [[5th General Assembly]] and passed by referendum, 18-3, on 21 May 2017. As per its changes, the positions of Chief Justice, First Justice and Second Justice, held at the time by New Lonopolian Empire, Rathfarnham and Llorens respectively, were each renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all legal proceedings of the Ministry of Law.
+
The Legal Standard Act, which passed on 21 May 2017, abolished the tiered positions of Chief, First, and Second Justice. In their place, each was renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all matters of the Ministry of Law.
  +
  +
Constitution Amendment (Chief Justice), which passed on 26 September 2020, reinstated the tiered Justice system in a slightly different format, with one Chief Justice to be elected internally by the three existing Justices. Constitution Amendment (Alternate Justice), which passed on 10 October 2020, then instituted an 'alternate' for any of the main three Justices in the event of an absence or conflict of interest. Further changes were instituted in the Judicial Process legislative package, which passed in October 2020, providing the collective title of Standing Justices to the three main voting Justices.
   
 
===Independent judiciary===
 
===Independent judiciary===
The Judicial Separation Act was proposed by Llorens in the [[7th General Assembly]] and passed by referendum, 19-1, on 6 November 2017. As per its changes, the legislature and judiciary were completely separated following the [[December 2017 general election]], with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also officially named the judiciary as the Supreme Court.
+
The Judicial Separation Act, which passed on 6 November 2017, created an independent Supreme Court apart from the [[General Assembly]]. Previously, the three Justices had been voting members of the legislature. The changes were implemented following the [[December 2017 general election]], with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also saw the official adoption of the Supreme Court as the judiciary's title.
   
 
===Civil and criminal law===
 
===Civil and criminal law===
The Civil Cases legislative package was proposed by Dawtania in the [[14th General Assembly]], with a referendum passing 37-15 on 10 August 2019, and one subsequent statute law amendment passed by the General Assembly, 3-2. As per its changes, civil lawsuits and criminal cases were officially separated, distinguished by the dealing with non-criminal and criminal laws respectively, as well as the title of the accusatory party being changed from prosecutor to plaintiff for civil lawsuits.
+
The Civil Cases legislative package, which passed in August 2019, created a legal distinction between civil lawsuits for non-criminal matters and criminal cases for criminal matters. These changes were eventually abandoned with the Judicial Process legislative package, which passed in October 2020, which returned to a simplified system of trials for any violations of the law.
   
 
==Terms==
 
==Terms==
  +
{{main|List of officeholders}}
  +
 
===Elected===
 
===Elected===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:25%; text-align:center"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="width:40%; text-align:center"
! Term
+
! style="width:20%" | Term
  +
! style="width:40%" | Chief Justice
! Election
 
  +
! style="width:40%" | Election
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[1st Supreme Court|1st]]
 
| [[1st Supreme Court|1st]]
  +
| rowspan=2 | [[New Prague Workers Republic|New Prague]]
 
| [[March 2016 general election|March 2016]]
 
| [[March 2016 general election|March 2016]]
 
|-
 
|-
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|-
 
|-
 
| [[3rd Supreme Court|3rd]]
 
| [[3rd Supreme Court|3rd]]
  +
| [[Llorens]]
 
| [[September 2016 general election|September 2016]]
 
| [[September 2016 general election|September 2016]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[4th Supreme Court|4th]]
 
| [[4th Supreme Court|4th]]
  +
| [[Auven]]
 
| [[December 2016 general election|December 2016]]
 
| [[December 2016 general election|December 2016]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[5th Supreme Court|5th]]
 
| [[5th Supreme Court|5th]]
  +
| [[New Lonopolian Empire]]
 
| [[March 2017 general election|March 2017]]
 
| [[March 2017 general election|March 2017]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[6th Supreme Court|6th]]
 
| [[6th Supreme Court|6th]]
  +
| rowspan=2 | ''None''
 
| [[June 2017 general election|June 2017]]
 
| [[June 2017 general election|June 2017]]
 
|-
 
|-
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===Appointed===
 
===Appointed===
{| class="wikitable" style="width:25%; text-align:center"
+
{| class="wikitable" style="width:40%; text-align:center"
! Term
+
! style="width:20%" | Term
  +
! style="width:40%" | Chief Justice
! Appointed by
 
  +
! style="width:40%" | Appointed by
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[8th Supreme Court|8th]]
 
| [[8th Supreme Court|8th]]
  +
| rowspan=11 | ''None''
| South Miruva
 
  +
| [[South Miruva]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[9th Supreme Court|9th]]
 
| [[9th Supreme Court|9th]]
| Cedoria
+
| [[Cedoria]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[10th Supreme Court|10th]]
 
| [[10th Supreme Court|10th]]
| Kavagrad
+
| rowspan=2 | [[Kavagrad]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[11th Supreme Court|11th]]
 
| [[11th Supreme Court|11th]]
| Kavagrad
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[12th Supreme Court|12th]]
 
| [[12th Supreme Court|12th]]
| New Arkados
+
| [[New Arkados]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[13th Supreme Court|13th]]
 
| [[13th Supreme Court|13th]]
| The Final Horseman
+
| rowspan=2 | [[The Final Horseman]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[14th Supreme Court|14th]]
 
| [[14th Supreme Court|14th]]
| The Final Horseman
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[15th Supreme Court|15th]]
 
| [[15th Supreme Court|15th]]
| Argentigrad
+
| [[Argentigrad]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[16th Supreme Court|16th]]
 
| [[16th Supreme Court|16th]]
| Llorens
+
| rowspan=2 | [[Llorens]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[17th Supreme Court|17th]]
 
| [[17th Supreme Court|17th]]
| Llorens
 
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[18th Supreme Court|18th]]
 
| [[18th Supreme Court|18th]]
| Greylyn
+
| [[Greylyn]]
 
|-
 
|-
 
| [[19th Supreme Court|19th]]
 
| [[19th Supreme Court|19th]]
  +
| [[Illyrian States]]
| Kavagrad
 
  +
| [[Kavagrad]]
  +
|-
  +
| [[20th Supreme Court|20th]]
  +
| [[Nangka]]
  +
| rowspan=2 | [[Dyl]]
  +
|-
  +
| [[21st Supreme Court|21st]]
  +
| [[Sincadenas]]
  +
|-
  +
| [[22nd Supreme Court|22nd]]
  +
| [[New Arkados]]
  +
| [[New Samon]]
 
|}
 
|}
   

Latest revision as of 08:48, 13 July 2021

Government Branches
ExecutiveCabinet
LegislatureGeneral Assembly
JudiciarySupreme Court
The Supreme Court of
The Leftist Assembly
Current: 21st Supreme Court
Rosy Red.png
Overview
BranchJudicial
LeaderChief Justice
Membership3 Standing Justices,
1 Alternate Justice

The Supreme Court is the judicial branch of The Leftist Assembly. It consists of three Standing Justices and one Alternate Justice appointed by the Secretary and then approved by citizens in individual confidence votes.

Each Justice's term lasts for approximately three months from the date of their confirmation until the date of the next Secretary's Supreme Court appointment confirmations.

This body is responsible for issuing legal rulings as the highest authority on the interpretation of all regional law and handing down a verdict on each trial upon the conclusion of a fair and public hearing. Judicial Process Act. It internally elects one of its Standing Justices as the Chief Justice to organise the branch.

History[edit | edit source]

Tiered Justices[edit | edit source]

The Legal Standard Act, which passed on 21 May 2017, abolished the tiered positions of Chief, First, and Second Justice. In their place, each was renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all matters of the Ministry of Law.

Constitution Amendment (Chief Justice), which passed on 26 September 2020, reinstated the tiered Justice system in a slightly different format, with one Chief Justice to be elected internally by the three existing Justices. Constitution Amendment (Alternate Justice), which passed on 10 October 2020, then instituted an 'alternate' for any of the main three Justices in the event of an absence or conflict of interest. Further changes were instituted in the Judicial Process legislative package, which passed in October 2020, providing the collective title of Standing Justices to the three main voting Justices.

Independent judiciary[edit | edit source]

The Judicial Separation Act, which passed on 6 November 2017, created an independent Supreme Court apart from the General Assembly. Previously, the three Justices had been voting members of the legislature. The changes were implemented following the December 2017 general election, with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also saw the official adoption of the Supreme Court as the judiciary's title.

Civil and criminal law[edit | edit source]

The Civil Cases legislative package, which passed in August 2019, created a legal distinction between civil lawsuits for non-criminal matters and criminal cases for criminal matters. These changes were eventually abandoned with the Judicial Process legislative package, which passed in October 2020, which returned to a simplified system of trials for any violations of the law.

Terms[edit | edit source]

Elected[edit | edit source]

Term Chief Justice Election
1st New Prague March 2016
2nd -
3rd Llorens September 2016
4th Auven December 2016
5th New Lonopolian Empire March 2017
6th None June 2017
7th September 2017

Appointed[edit | edit source]

Term Chief Justice Appointed by
8th None South Miruva
9th Cedoria
10th Kavagrad
11th
12th New Arkados
13th The Final Horseman
14th
15th Argentigrad
16th Llorens
17th
18th Greylyn
19th Illyrian States Kavagrad
20th Nangka Dyl
21st Sincadenas
22nd New Arkados New Samon