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==History==
 
==History==
 
===Tiered Justices===
 
===Tiered Justices===
The Legal Standard Act, which passed on 21 May 2017, abolished the tiered positions of Chief, First, and Second Justice. In their place, each was renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all matters of the Ministry of Law.
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The Legal Standard Act was proposed by Llorens in the [[5th General Assembly]] and passed by referendum, 18-3, on 21 May 2017. As per its changes, the positions of Chief Justice, First Justice and Second Justice, held at the time by New Lonopolian Empire, Rathfarnham and Llorens respectively, were each renamed to Justice and given equal voting power on all legal proceedings of the Ministry of Law.
 
Constitution Amendment (Chief Justice), which passed on 26 September 2020, reinstated the tiered Justice system in a slightly different format, with one Chief Justice to be elected internally by the three existing Justices. Constitution Amendment (Alternate Justice), which passed on 10 October 2020, then instituted an 'alternate' for any of the main three Justices in the event of an absence or conflict of interest. Further changes were instituted in the Judicial Process legislative package, which passed in October 2020, providing the collective title of Standing Justices to the three main voting Justices.
 
   
 
===Independent judiciary===
 
===Independent judiciary===
The Judicial Separation Act, which passed on 6 November 2017, created an independent Supreme Court apart from the [[General Assembly]]. Previously, the three Justices had been voting members of the legislature. The changes were implemented following the [[December 2017 general election]], with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also saw the official adoption of the Supreme Court as the judiciary's title.
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The Judicial Separation Act was proposed by Llorens in the [[7th General Assembly]] and passed by referendum, 19-1, on 6 November 2017. As per its changes, the legislature and judiciary were completely separated following the [[December 2017 general election]], with Justices instead being appointed by the Secretary and approved by citizens in individual confidence votes. The bill also officially named the judiciary as the Supreme Court.
   
 
===Civil and criminal law===
 
===Civil and criminal law===
The Civil Cases legislative package, which passed in August 2019, created a legal distinction between civil lawsuits for non-criminal matters and criminal cases for criminal matters. These changes were eventually abandoned with the Judicial Process legislative package, which passed in October 2020, which returned to a simplified system of trials for any violations of the law.
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The Civil Cases legislative package was proposed by Dawtania in the [[14th General Assembly]], with a referendum passing 37-15 on 10 August 2019, and one subsequent statute law amendment passed by the General Assembly, 3-2. As per its changes, civil lawsuits and criminal cases were officially separated, distinguished by the dealing with non-criminal and criminal laws respectively, as well as the title of the accusatory party being changed from prosecutor to plaintiff for civil lawsuits.
   
 
==Terms==
 
==Terms==

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